Who develops and implements an Integrity Pact?
In most of the Integrity Pact experiences listed in the database, civil society organisations (CSOs) advocated that governments adopt Integrity Pacts and then served as monitors where the governments agreed to do so. These CSOs have mostly been national chapters of Transparency International.
Public contracting agencies may also initiate an Integrity Pact from their own initiative. Doing so helps demonstrate their commitment to transparency and anti-corruption measures in the face of public pressure. This can be at the federal, regional or municipal level.
As businesses recognise the benefits of committing to – and publicly demonstrating – anti-corruption compliance and transparency, more business associations are beginning to advocate for the use of Integrity Pacts in their industry. An example is a project by the Banknote Ethics Initiative and Basel Institute on Governance to promote the use of Integrity Pacts in the banknote industry.
Overview of the five-step process
Developing and implementing an Integrity Pact can be broken down into a five-step process. The process below is described from the perspective of the contracting agency and must be tailored to the context (see Tailoring).
Five-step process for developing an Integrity Pact, based on Basel Institute research. Click on the image to download a PDF version that is freely shareable.
1. Commit to using an Integrity Pact
- Identify a public procurement project that will benefit from an Integrity Pact (see Industry sectors)
- Determine resources (see Funding and costs)
- Announce that an Integrity Pact will be used (see Communication)
- Consider having it in place from the pre-tendering phase through to contract execution (see Timing)
2. Engage a monitor
- Identify a suitable monitor or monitors (see Role of monitors)
- Agree on the monitoring process, including how to identify, report and sanction potential integrity issues (see Role of monitors)
3. Create and sign the Integrity Pact
4. Proceed with the tender
- Set up communication channels between the monitor(s) and all parties (see Role of monitors)
- Respect the independence of the monitor(s) to investigate or manage any disputes (see Role of monitors)
5. Maintain integrity commitment throughout the project
- Consider maintaining the commitments during project execution (see Timing)
- Analyse and report on the impact to maximise transparency, trust and guidance for future tenders (see Monitoring and learning)